You do not need some special skills in order to carve a turn. The fact is, you can carve on firm Snow Ski Surfaces if you can make a carved turn on groomed Snow. This is basically the same when it comes to skill. However, you need greater precision in carving on hard, icy Snow. Surfaces like these allow much less room for mistakes, and skiers are having problems when carving Ice or hardpack. Know the common problems that skiers face when carving on gentle slopes and firm Snow surfaces and learn how to correct them:
On Gentle Slopes
Problem: Upper body and hips swining towards the direction of the turn.
Solution: To correct this fault, hold your Ski Poles horizontally and position them at chest level. Make large turns while preventing the Ski Poles to move in the direction of the turn.
Another way of solving this problem is to ski several large turns on a gentle slope. As you turn, position your hands on your outside knee.
Problem: Leaning on the backs of your Ski Boots.
Solution: Traverse across a slope. Lean far backward on the backs of your Ski Boots and then lean far forward against the fronts of your Ski Boots. After this, lean in such a way that your shins are slightly touching the tongues of your Ski Boots.
Problem: Very straight and stiff legs when making turns
Solution: Your knees will bend if you slightly lower your hips and you lean, touching the fronts of your Ski Boots.
On Firm Snow
Problem: Outside Ski tracking away from the skier at the start of the turn.
Just when you thought that you have started everything right, a problem arises during the control phase of the turn. It can be poor fore-aft pressure control, the Carve components faded very early, or it can be also that the skier miscalculated on how far he must lean toward the inside of the turn. If you lean your whole body on the inside of the turn, your balance will be affected and it is very hard to adjust.
Solution/s: Do not forget the basics. Foot steering as well as pressure control may not be powerful enough to sustain a turn. Use them at the precise moment and with enough power.
When you decide to increase edging, remember to apply enough pressure to your Ski so it will not run on a straight line and keep the Ski turning instead.
Poor fore-aft pressure control can be one of the reasons why your outside Ski tracks away form you. To solve this, make sure that you should be centered over the heels and arches of your feet at the start of any turn. If you are quite over your heels at the end of the turn, shift your weight and get centered over the arch before starting the next turn.
Problem: Tails of Skis breaking loose at the end of the turn.
This problem usually occurs on smooth Snow. When the Tail of your outside Ski breaks loose, you lose your Edge control and your rhythm is altered. Contrary to what others think, this is not due to dull Edges. Timing and the shape of the turn have something to do with it. If you focus on gaining speed at the start, you will tend to gain control at the later part of the turn. This makes the Edge grip of the Tail to break loose.
Solution/s: Apply pressure at the start of the turn so that you can reduce the need of hitting the brakes as you approach the end of the turn. Moreover, try getting out of the turn a bit earlier.
Problem: Failure in making a powerful Carve.
The cause of this problem may be a Ski tracking away into a slide as you progress in the turn, trails which are less defined in the Snow, unnecessary sliding on Ice, or not having enough Edge angle.
Solution/s: The primary requirement towards having a powerful Carve is sufficient amount of Edge angle. To increase edging, shift your body weight on the inside of the turn. Likewise, learn how to Position your Hips as well as your upper body. You will eventually realize that proper body positioning can improve the way you Carve.
Making powerful Carved turns entails precision and more aggressiveness (for firm Snow surfaces). Do not worry if you commit mistakes on the first few trials. Learn from them to further improve your Carving skills.