Diving is undergoing developments as time progresses. There is always the desire to come up with ways on how to explore underwater better and longer. Scuba Diving types have emerged and are done in different locations under a variety of conditions. In general, each type has its own features and requires technical skills.
When you finally got certified to dive, you can further explore the marine world by getting skilled and knowledgeable in many Diving Variations. With proper Dive training and education, you can likewise pursue different career paths such as underwater photography, media-related, or you can be a dive master or instructor. The possibilities are endless, as long as you have adequate training and education in Diving.
5 Types of Scuba Diving
In this section, we will take a look at some of the different Diving Variations:
1. Wreck Diving
One of the Diving Variations is Wreck Diving. It involves wreck exploration, particularly shipwrecks. Wreck Diving will prove to you that there is more to see and discover than marine animals. This can also be very useful in archaeological researches.
Wrecks can be found in varying depths and in different environments. Over time, shipwrecks become great artificial reefs. They serve as new habitats for a lot of animals. Just imagine a large ship which turned into a colorful marine community. Aside from this, you can uncover interesting stories about the shipwrecks.
Precautions always come with Wreck Diving, or any Diving Variation for that matter. You need to have some training before you can go on a wreck dive. Do not even dare to go inside a shipwreck if you do not have adequate special training and skill.
Here are some things to consider in Wreck Diving:
- A Wreck Diver training course is mandatory should you wish to engage in this Diving Variation. This will prepare you in conducting safe wreck dives as well as the necessary techniques and skills such as air management and the proper use of guidelines and reels.
- Extreme care is required since wrecks can be snagged by lines or nets and break without warning.
- Bring more than one light source. It is important to have back-up dive lights in case your primary light fails.
- Always bring a Diving knife or a pair of shears. You will need it in the event that you get yourself entangled with fishing lines or ropes.
- Before entering a wreck, be sure to tie a guideline and run it as you go further. This will lead you back to the entrance after your exploration. Moreover, having a guideline makes finding your way out easier in case you experience low visibility due to stirred up sediments.
- Be extra careful when moving. Wrecks are usually becoming artificial habitats of many marine animals, and you should take care not to disturb them. Be cautious in moving your Fins since the force and surge of water created by moving your Diving Fins can damage some corals.
- It is crucial to reserve gas sufficient enough for you to get out of the wreck.
Wreck Diving is an exciting activity and it is getting more and more popular as Divers discover the wonders of wreck exploration. But it can be dangerous if not done correctly. Thus, you should undergo the required training and make the necessary planning and preparation before going on a wreck dive.
2. Night Diving
This Diving Variation offers an experience that is very different from diving during the day. Seeing the nocturnal marine animals alone will surely make the night dive worthwhile. Predators are most active during the night, as well as reproduction of many marine species. It may sound ironic but Night Diving enables you to see the marine world in a different light.
This Scuba Diving Type is slightly more risky than when you are diving during the day. First of all, there is a huge difference when it comes to visibility. Also, it can be very scary if you got separated from the rest of your team and this can also be a problem to the group. However, this may not be the case if your have enough training, preparation, and planning prior to the dive.
A safe night dive requires a lot of preparations and safety measures. Here are some rules and things to consider when you go Night Diving:
- Take night dives to diving spots where you have done day dives before. This is important to get yourself accustomed to the environment.
- Know the different surface signals and make sure you are equipped with an SMB, or Surface Marker Buoy. This serves as the marker so the surface boat can keep track of the whereabouts of the Divers.
- Always have backup dive lights in case your primary light fails. But then again, you will not be on total darkness even if you turn your light off. However, if you need to turn your light on, make sure that it is not too bright. In addition, do not aim your light in your Buddy’s face, as this will impair his vision. If you wish to communicate with your Buddy, aim your light to your hand which is making the signal.
- Know what to do in any possible situation. For instance, in the event that you reach the surface after the dive and found out that you are far from the surface boat, get the attention of the crew in the boat, and then aim your light down on your head.
- Stay close to your Buddy. As mentioned in the previous sections, Buddy System is very important in case problems arise and assistance is necessary.
- Keep a close watch of your equipment. With less light, it is harder to check if you still have sufficient air.
3. Recreational Diving
As the name implies, Recreational Diving is a Diving Variation which is done mainly as a leisure activity and for enjoyment. Before, it was associated with other activities such as snorkeling, but there was no effective breathing apparatus yet to allow people to stay longer underwater. Recreational Diving was improved when the Aqualung was developed in the 1950s.
This is done within the maximum depth of 130 feet. Going further than this depth makes the Diver more prone to various hazards such as running out of air, Nitrogen Narcosis, and Decompression Sickness. Though there are Divers who go deeper than 130 feet, they have done careful planning and they should know the increased risks as they go further.
In general, Recreational Diving should not be done without employing the Buddy System. Together with enough planning and training, having a Buddy is a safety measure. Problems will be attended to immediately if you have someone who keeps track of where you are.
4. Drift Diving
One of the Diving Variations is Drift Diving. It is basically a ‘go with the flow’ kind, where the Divers are moved by the current. Drift Diving is all about feeling the rush of flying as you glide with the currents. It also gives you a chance to see a lot of pelagic species, or sea creatures living in the water column.
Sometimes referred to as the “lazy man’s way of diving”, Drift Diving is a different way of exploring the underwater world since the current is the mode of transportation of Divers as they are moved from one place to another with less effort.
In Drift Diving, it is very essential that you understand or at least get familiar with the underwater topography. Moreover, drift dives are mostly done in groups.
A training course or program is very crucial, as it teaches the Divers everything they need to know about Drift Diving. It is not purely theoretical, for you need to apply your knowledge in open water dives.
Here are the finer points of a Drift Diver Training:
- You must be at least 12 years old to qualify for a drift dive.
- It is a prerequisite that you have achieved at least a Junior Open Water Diver certification or equivalent.
- The course covers information on the different important facets of Drift Diving such as skills and techniques, planning, procedures, proper communication and navigation, Buoyancy control, as well as the potential dangers and risks.
- You will learn how and when to use special equipment such as floats, lines, and reels.
- You will be knowledgeable on how to select drift dive sites and how to deal with varying currents.
This Scuba Diving Type offers a pleasant and relaxing ride. Maximize the fun in Drift Diving by having the proper training and planning prior to the dive.
5. Professional Diving
In Professional Scuba Diving, Divers are paid to dive for a particular service or purpose. Forms of this Diving Variation are classified based on what they are up to underwater.
In this section, learn the different kinds of Professional Diving:
- Media Diving
Scuba Diving is very useful to people in the media industry. Many movies and television shows have scenes involving underwater and marine world.
Many Divers are also into Underwater Photography, whether as a hobby, form of interest, or part of the job.
- Scientific Diving
Diving is really a great help in performing marine researches. Scientific Divers can perform underwater studies involving underwater archeology and marine biology.
- Military Diving
Scuba Diving plays a big role in military purposes such as underwater engineering, underwater ship repair, and stealthy infiltration.
- Police Diving
Diving becomes part of police work such as in the collection of evidences underwater as well as search and recovery operations.
- Commercial Diving
Commercial Divers are generally into construction of underwater structures, engineering and scientific assessment and surveys, underwater salvage, civil engineering, or maintenance of fish farms.
In general, each type of Professional Diving has its own features and requirements and entails proper training and planning. The conditions can be hazardous to Divers so safety must always be a priority.